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What is Kidney Failure by Angela Haag

Posted by at 8:33 am 0 Comment Print

Kidney’s play a huge role in the way your body functions and maintaining homeostasis by removing toxins and wastes from the blood. Kidney failure is defined as your kidney’s stop working to the point where you may not be able to live anymore. It can happen very slowly or very suddenly over time. Like in most cases, kidney failure can be permanent. When kidney failure is permanent, it is called end-stage renal disease. The symptoms for kidney failure are weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy and confusion. Kidney failure could also cause no symptoms at all. Every year, more than 2 million people die from kidney failure because they can’t get treatment. The premature deaths were mostly happening in China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Nigeria. Less than one-fourth of those patients received treatment for kidney failure.

The main causes for kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pleasure. Many other causes for kidney failure are autoimmune disease, genetic diseases, injuries and certain medicine or drugs. There are ways to prevent kidney failure and the main way is to prevent chronic kidney disease. There are doctors you can go to that will help you slow the disease down. The damage that is done may not be able to get fixed, but you may be able to keep it from getting worse. Other ways you can prevent kidney disease or failure is to eat a diet in low fat and salt, exercise most days of the week, have regular check-ups with your doctor, avoid tobacco, and limit alcohol. When treating kidney failure, the treatments may vary depending on the cause. Some treatments that can be used to control kidney failure are high blood pressure medications, medications to lower cholesterol levels, medications to treat anemia, medications to relieve swelling and medication to protect your bones. High blood pressure medication can decrease kidney function and change electrolyte levels.

When treating end stage kidney disease, the two options are dialysis and kidney transplant. Dialysis is used to remove waste products and extra fluid from your blood when your kidney’s stop doing it. When getting a kidney transplant, you get a kidney from a donor and they have to surgically remove yours and put the new kidney in. They kidneys can come from donors who are still living, or donors who are now deceased. After getting the new transplant, you will take medications for the rest of your life so your body does not reject the new organ. If you think you may have kidney failure, you can ask your doctor to do a couple of tests. The tests that they perform are a urine test, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and by checking your blood pressure.

The estimated glomerular filtration rate tells your doctor how well your kidneys clean your blood. When doctors take a urine test, it shows them if there is blood and protein in your urine. If there is blood or protein in your urine, that may be a sign of kidney disease. Lastly, the blood pressure test shows how hard your heart is working to pump your blood. If you have high blood pressure, it can cause kidney disease or failure and if you have kidney disease or failure, it can cause high blood pressure.

If you have any doubts that you have kidney failure, contact your doctor immediately. Kidney failure is a serious disease that can affect you for the rest of your life if untreated and could even cause death. Have your urine annually checked at your doctor’s office to make sure everything is normal.





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