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Here we will post various papers  that have been written by future healthcare providers who are currently in school completing their programs of study. The papers provide a nice overview of topics that are of interest to the general public. CPR Tampa has not proof read any of the these papers grammar or accuracy, so please keep this in mind. However, we think you will find that the papers do provide a nice starting point when researching a particular disease or health related topic. Enjoy, and feel free to leave comments.


Tests for How to Identify P. aeruginosa | Microbiology Unknown Lab

The test for the gram-negative bacterium was the gelatin test. This test was performed because the only gram-negative bacterium that would test positive for the gelatin test was the P. aeruginosa. The green ring that was produced at the top of the test tube demonstrated that the bacterium in question was in fact P. aeruginosa. This bacterium was the only one that would result in a positive gelatin test, confirming its identity.

The unknown gram-positive bacterium was found through two separate tests. First, the maltose test was performed. After incubation, the test tube turned from a deep red color to a lighter pink, demonstrating a negative maltose test. Next, the methyl red test tube turned from yellow to an orange tint, which was also deemed a negative test.


How to Identify Enterobacter aerogenes and Bacillus cereus | Microbiology Unknown Report

After receiving the tube of unknowns, a streak plate was done on nutrient agar. After incubating the streak plate at 37* Celsius for five days, it was determined that a fresh one needed to be done. Another nutrient agar plate was streaked, this time using the quadrant streak method according to the lab manual. After two days of incubation at 37*C, one unknown was isolated and transferred to a separate nutrient agar plate using the quadrant streak method in an attempt to grow a pure colony. This will be referred to as Unknown A. Once again, a fresh streak plate was done from the broth in order to grow the other unknown. After five days of incubation at 37*C, there were clearly two distinct colonies on the fresh streak plate, and Unknown A was growing well. The second unknown was then transferred to a nutrient agar plate. This one will now be referred to as Unknown B. At this time, both bacteria were gram stained according to the lab manual (2), in order to determine their identity as gram positive or gram negative bacteria. Once they were identified, both unknowns were placed back into the incubator at 37*C.


What is Kidney Failure by Angela Haag

The main causes for kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pleasure. Many other causes for kidney failure are autoimmune disease, genetic diseases, injuries and certain medicine or drugs. There are ways to prevent kidney failure and the main way is to prevent chronic kidney disease. There are doctors you can go to that will help you slow the disease down. The damage that is done may not be able to get fixed, but you may be able to keep it from getting worse. Other ways you can prevent kidney disease or failure is to eat a diet in low fat and salt, exercise most days of the week, have regular check-ups with your doctor, avoid tobacco, and limit alcohol. When treating kidney failure, the treatments may vary depending on the cause. Some treatments that can be used to control kidney failure are high blood pressure medications, medications to lower cholesterol levels, medications to treat anemia, medications to relieve swelling and medication to protect your bones. High blood pressure medication can decrease kidney function and change electrolyte levels.


What is Down Syndrome? By Sabrina Hassan

Trisomy 21 occurs when abnormal cell division takes place during the development of either the sperm cell or the egg cell.  This causes a child to be born with 47 chromosomes instead of the typical 46.  Mosaic Down Syndrome also accounts for children to be born with 47 chromosomes instead of 46, however the abnormality in cell division occurs after fertilization of the egg.

Translocation Down syndrome on the other hand can occur either before or at fertilization, however, this case of Down syndrome occurs when a part of chromosome 21 attaches to another chromosome, resulting in a child carrying the normal amount of chromosomes, yet still suffering from the genetic disorder. *Note, that the reason this is called “Translocation Down syndrome” is because the act of chromosome 21 attaching to another chromosome is called.. you guessed it! Translocation!


Unknown Lab Report | How to Identify E. coli | Microbiology

Escherichia coli is quite a unique bacterium due to the fact that some strands can cause a lot of harm, disease, and sickness to animals and humans, while some strands are a part of a healthy flora inside the body (3). E. coli in the gastrointestinal tract can be very beneficial for overall G.I. health. Having a healthy level of E. coli in your flora can be advantageous because of its digestive properties. Like any other enzyme in the intestines, E. coli aids your body with healthy digestion of food (4). Also, E. coli is a component of suppressing bad bacteria from inhabiting the intestines and reproducing.  A healthy amount of E. coli is very important for having an overall healthy flora and digestion.  A major reason this specific strand of E. coli could potentially cause the body harm is if it were to travel to other parts of the body, such as the urinary system.

What are Intraocular Lenses? by Megan Eaton

The most common surgical procedure in the United States with nearly 3 million operations performed annually is cataract removal surgery. An intraocular lens works the same way your natural lens in your eye works. It focuses the light that comes into your eye through the cornea and pupil onto the retina, then the tissue at the back of the eye that relays images through the optic nerve to the brain. The lenses are made of flexible material and are the third of the size of a dime. The lens naturally fits into place where your natural lens was before they removed it. When the natural lens in your eye is replaced by the intraocular lens it is called “clear lens extraction”. However, when the natural lens of a patient’s eye is not removed, the intraocular lens that are placed into the eye are called “phakic intraocular lens”. These lenses are placed in front of the natural lens of the patient’s eye.

What is Crohn’s Disease by Megan FelDotto

If you think that you may suffer from any of these symptoms or know of any family member with this disease, I would definitely go to a doctor and get checked out. Remember if you are suffering from this disease that you are not alone. As many as 1.6 million Americans suffer from it. If you need more information on this topic or would like to donate to Crohn’s, check out the Crohn’s foundation. Check out the foundation, I strongly suggest it.






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